prevention and promotion of a social issue.

You are at the point in the course where you have gained a great understanding of community psychology, its principles and application. Your task in this assignment is to review information presented to the general public concerning prevention and promotion of a social issue. You may want to use this assignment to help you prepare for your Signature Assignment as well.

Many national prevention and promotion public awareness campaigns have an abundance of material available to the general public. For example, the Red Cross not only has a web site, but it also has local, national and international offices. It often distributes its pamphlets to doctors’ offices, hospitals and local emergency response agencies. The same holds true for the American Cancer Society. Your community may have a number of outreach programs as well, addressing such issues as homelessness, domestic violence, literacy, etc.

Once you have decided on what campaign and organization you would like to examine for this assignment, collect a sample of its outreach materials. You also will need to look for media coverage of the campaign; newspaper and magazine articles, video clips and web sites all may have information of value to you for this assignment. As you collect your materials, remember to keep track of the source and context of the work.

Review the material and address the following questions in an essay to form an analysis of the effectiveness of the selected prevention/promotion campaign:

  • What is the purpose of the work? Does it discuss a community or social issue that could be addressed by prevention/promotion initiatives? Or does it report on a specific prevention/promotion intervention?
  • If a prevention/promotion intervention is described, what protective processes is the program trying to strengthen? What risk processes is the program trying to weaken?
  • What population is being focused on? How were particular participants chosen? Some criteria may include age, gender, race or ethnicity, socioeconomic status or class, urban/suburban/rural location or geographic area, nation, or historical/political/cultural context.
  • What social systems are involved–health care (includes prenatal/ birth/postnatal care), parents/families, peers, schools, religious settings, workplaces, leisure/recreational, community organizations, media/Internet/cyberspace, other?
  • What ecological level or levels of analysis does the article address–Individual, microsystems, organizations, localities, and/or macrosystems? What specific persons or groups does it address at that level? Is it targeted at the right level(s)?
  • If a prevention/promotion intervention is described, does it respond to a planned or predictable life situation (such as an education-related transition) or to an unpredictable life event (a reaction to a stressful or crisis event, such as divorce, bereavement, unemployment)?
  • Does the article focus on a wider community or social issue, such as poverty, social injustice, prejudice, or drugs? How might “small wins” thinking be applicable in prevention/promotion efforts on that issue?
  • If a prevention/promotion intervention was conducted, who planned it? How much were various constituencies and stakeholders involved? At what points? Were the persons most affected by decisions made in this program involved in making those decisions? Was there sufficient sensitivity to cultural and contextual factors?
  • How was the intervention implemented? Where? By whom? Under what conditions? When was it carried out? How often? Over what period of time? Did the program developers check to see if the program was actually implemented as planned?
  • What is the evidence for the effectiveness of the intervention? What are the sources of that evidence?
  • Which of the objectives were clearly met? Not met? Met partially? Did it have an impact on the wider community? How?
  • Was the intervention implemented in multiple settings or contexts? Was it effective in all settings?
  • Are you convinced that the authors’ interpretations or organization’s claims of effectiveness are true? Why or why not?
  • What are the most important things you think can be learned from what you read? What important questions does it raise?

Length: 5-7 pages

Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to the topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards. Be careful to adhere to Northcentral’s Academic Integrity Policy.

Relationship between Neuroscience and Behavior

For this assignment you will explore the relationship between  neuroscience and behavior by looking at biofeedback and  neurobiofeedback, or EEG biofeedback.

Address the following points in your paper:

  • Define and explain biofeedback in your own words.
    • Distinguish between biofeedback and neurofeedback, or EEG biofeedback.
    • Describe who uses biofeedback and EEG biofeedback and why (detail at least two professions and purposes).
  • Explain how an understanding of the nervous system can help us find ways to alleviate disease and pain.
  • Identify the pros and cons of biofeedback-based interventions  (highlight areas related to research, studies, theories, practice).
  • Identify ethical considerations related to biofeedback-based interventions.
  • Discuss your point of view with regard to biofeedback-based interventions, such as EEG biofeedback.
    • Have you had any experiences using EEG biofeedback?
    • Can you think of a situation in your life or work where you might consider using EEG biofeedback?
    • Would you recommend biofeedback-based interventions as a useful tool? Why or why not?

Incorporate a minimum of two scholarly sources in your writing. Use  APA Style to format your paper and cite and reference your two sources.

Your  paper should be 2-4 pages long, in addition to a title page and a  reference page. Refer to the rubric for more information on how your  assignment will be graded.

  • Posted: 5 hours ago
  • Due: 08/11/2019
  • Budget: $15

PS505 testing and measurements

Computer Testing [1 of 2]

Describe how computers have enhanced the development, administration, and scoring of psychological tests. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of computerized testing and the pros and cons of administering a test using the web.

Selecting an Instrument [2 of 2]

Consider that you are a psychology professional, working in your area of interest in an educational setting (public or private school setting).

Pick one of the following instruments to consider while answering the questions below:

  • Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1 ½ – 5) (CBCL 4 – 18)
  • Adult Basic Learning Examination
  • American College Testing Program – A-C-T
  • Child Sexual Behavior Inventory
  • Connors Rating Scales, Revised (CRS-R)
  • Cooperative Achievement Test
  • Diagnostic Mathematics Inventory
  • Graduate Record Examination
  • Horn Art Aptitude Inventory
  • Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children – II
  • KeyMath Revised
  • Learning Potential Assessment Device
  • Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)
  • Metropolitan Mathematics Instructional Tests
  • Metropolitan Readiness Tests
  • Miller Analogies Test
  • Quality of School Life Scales
  • Scholastic Aptitude Test
  • Seashore Measures of Musical Talents
  • SRA California Achievement Tests
  • Stanford Diagnostic Mathematics Test
  • Stanford Diagnostic Mathematics Test
  • Stanford Diagnostic Reading Test
  • Study Habits Checklist
  • Survey of School Attitudes
  • Survey of Study Habits and Attitudes
  • Wechsler Individual Achievement Test – II (WIAT-II)
  • What I Like to Do Interest Inventory
  • Wide Range Achievement Test – IV (WRAT-IV)
  • Woodcock Johnson – III
  • Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests – Revised

Locate appropriate support material in order to address the following:

  1. What data regarding the reliability of the instrument is available (integrate major issues from Unit 4)?
  2. What data regarding the validity of the instrument is available (integrate major issues from Unit 5)?
  3. What is purported to be measured by the instrument?
  4. In your specialty area, how would information from this instrument is employed to assist a client in an educational setting? Be sure to include references as appropriate.

The field of cognitive psychology.

The goal of this discussion forum is to offer you an introduction to the field of cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is a discipline within psychology that is concerned with the scientific study of the human mind. The mind is responsible for a variety of functions and abilities, including perception, attention, consciousness, memory, reasoning, and decision-making. Most of our mental life is unconscious. If the objects of our attention are equated to the objects of our consciousness, it is reasonable to assume that we are aware of only a limited number of events in our daily lives.

For your initial post, complete the following steps:

  • Watch the video entitled, The Magic of the Unconscious: Automatic Brain (Links to an external site.).
  • Select a “hot topic” of cognitive psychology based on what you have heard and/or seen in the media and your personal interests.
  • Look for a report in the media (e.g., newspapers, magazines, web pages of professional organizations, etc.) that refers to the selected topic such as “defendant cannot remember what happened,” “false memories explain UFO abduction stories,” and so forth.
  • Describe the content of the selected report and offer your own perspective. Namely, use your critical-thinking skills to examine the extent to which the claims made in the report and the evidence upon which the report relies are to be trusted. Then, discuss the real-life consequences of the evidence reported.

In your post, include a link to the selected report, and explain to the members of the class why you have selected it. Support your points with evidence from at least one peer-reviewed research article. Your initial post must be a minimum of 300 words.

Method of Diagnosis

Method of Diagnosis

Continue with the change in your organization that you discussed in the W1 Discussion. “Walmart

For the first paragraph of your post, summarize some of the key information about your organization and the change you are discussing. This section should be no more than 5–6 sentences and should be just enough to remind your readers of your scenario.

For the second paragraph(s) of your post, select any two of the following bullet points to address. Attempt to select different bullet points or combinations of bullet points than your classmates.

  • Did the organization use a problem-oriented or a development-oriented diagnosis for this project? What evidence do you have to support your conclusion?
  • Was the organization’s readiness for change assessed? If so, how? If not, what were the implications of ignoring that step?

Continue with the change in your organization that you discussed in the W1 Discussion.

For the first paragraph of your post, summarize some of the key information about your organization and the change you are discussing. This section should be no more than 5–6 sentences and should be just enough to remind your readers of your scenario.

For the second paragraph(s) of your post, select any two of the following bullet points to address. Attempt to select different bullet points or combinations of bullet points than your classmates.

  • Did the organization use a problem-oriented or a development-oriented diagnosis for this project? What evidence do you have to support your conclusion?
  • Was the organization’s readiness for change assessed? If so, how? If not, what were the implications of ignoring that step?

500 words for the post 1 page

OD Intervention Project—Task 2

Title: My OD Intervention Project—Task 2

This course has major assignments that will be due in Weeks 3 and 5. It will take more than a week’s effort to adequately complete them. Plan time to start the research and other work for those assignments earlier than the week in which they are due.

Last week, you selected an organization for your project and wrote a report including the name of the organization (may be disguised) and the problem(s) the organization is facing.

This week:

Prepare a report indicating the entry process for Walmart. In your report, address the following prompts:

  • When you enter the organization as an external consultant, justify whether you will use a problem-oriented or a development-oriented diagnosis for this project.
  • Justify how you will determine the organization’s readiness for change.
  • On the basis of your chosen diagnosis approach from the first bullet point, assess the organizational issue that is the target for change. Be sure to focus on root causes and not just symptoms. What will be the appropriate organizational level to initiate the change? (State the real issue for a real organization and create a realistic issue for a hypothetical one.)
  • Propose when you will give the organization feedback about the change you implement. How will you include feedback about how well the change is working in your action plan? What will that feedback be? Will you develop a survey to assess the effectiveness of the change, or will you use company reports that already exist or may need to be altered to gather pertinent information?

Submission Details:

  • Present a 3- page paper

week 2 discussion 3rd class

  1. Use the Keiser Online Library to find a peer-reviewed research article from a psychology journal (i.e., the journal should have the word “psychology” in the journal’s name; e.g., Journal of Applied Psychology).
  2. Read the article and identify the journal type and sections listed in the discussion description.  It is recommended students find an “original research” article to help identify most terminology and sections previously listed.
  3. Post a discussion with the following information (for this week, a list is fine versus paragraphs):
    • Article name
    • Author’s last name(s)
    • Year of publication
    • Journal title
    • Journal Article type and explanation why is was this type based on the handout
    • List the primary sections of the article, explain the reason for each, and summarize the content.  Here is an example:
      • Discussion: the discussion section evaluated the key findings in the previous Analysis section.  The reason for this section was to provide an explanation for the results of the statistical analysis, and describe whether the authors’ hypotheses were supported.  The discussion section revealed the significant negative relationship between spirituality and stress among terminal patients could be the result of the comfort one feels in a higher power and faith all will be fine, which in turn diminishes stress related to imminent death.
    • Attach the article to your discussion post

Setting Boundaries When Working with Clients

Prior to beginning work on this week’s discussion, please review Standard 3: Human Relations (Links to an external site.) in the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Please also read the Asay and Lal (2014) “Who’s Googled Whom? Trainees’ Internet and Online Social Networking Experiences, Behaviors, and Attitudes with Clients and Supervisors,” Harris and Robinson Kurpius (2014) “Social Networking and Professional Ethics: Client Searches, Informed Consent, and Disclosure,” and Taylor, McMinn, Bufford, and Chang (2010) “Psychologists’ Attitudes and Ethical Concerns Regarding the Use of Social Networking Web Sites” articles.

For this discussion, you will examine ethical issues encountered by clinical and counseling psychologists in the digital age. Begin by reviewing the cases of Dr. Arnold and Dr. Washington listed below and selecting one of these ethical dilemmas for analysis.

Case 1
Dr. Arnold is a clinical psychologist who specializes in child and adolescent issues. From time to time, she provides consultation on high lethality cases within the juvenile court system. Recently, she was referred a case involving a 15-year-old male who has a history of aggression, angry outburst, destructive behavior, and cyberstalking.  Concerned for her safety and well-being, Dr. Arnold input the client’s name into a search engine, which yielded the client’s social network page. Dr. Arnold is uncertain whether or not to look at the client’s social network page.

Case 2
Dr. Washington is a counseling psychologist who specializes in trauma and self-harming behavior. Recently, he received a “friend request” from a former client who he provided individual therapy to six months ago. Dr. Washington opted not to accept the “friend request,” but considered sending a private message to the client with the social networking policy from his informed consent.  Dr. Washington is uncertain whether or not to send the private message to the client.

In your initial post, assume the role of a colleague to the doctor named and analyze the ethical issues encountered in your chosen case. Given the situation described in the case study, recommend how your colleague should proceed. Provide support for your response by citing the required articles for this discussion. Consider the current and potential actions of your colleague and explain whether or not he or she is currently, or potentially will be, in violation of the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Provide support for your explanation by citing Standard 3: Human Relations (Links to an external site.) in the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Explain how your colleague might avoid this type of ethical dilemma in the future. Describe what policy or policies you might put in place if you were your colleague.

Organizational Foundations

Organizational Foundations

This course has major project assignments that will be due in Weeks 3 and 5. It will take more than a week’s effort to adequately complete them. Plan time to start the research and other work for those assignments earlier than the week in which they are due.

The shared values, vision, and mission statements are the foundations of a healthy organization. Utilizing the same organization, you chose in the Week 1 portion of the course project and building off the discussion this week, address the following topics about the organization you have selected:

  • Assess the effectiveness of the organization’s values statement:
    • What is the values statement or what are the organizational values?
    • How was the values statement created? Who participated?
    • How accurate is the values statement when compared to actual behaviors in the organization?
    • What recommendations would you make to improve the values statement and to enhance how it is used in organizational behaviors and decision making?
    • If your organization does not have a values statement, assess key themes from organizational practices that might reflect actual values being used (even if not written) and defend recommendations for how the organization could develop a values statement and enhance organizational behaviors.
  • Analyze the effectiveness of the vision statement.
    • What is the vision statement?
    • Do organizational members know what the vision is? Based on what evidence?
    • Do organizational members embrace the vision? Based on what evidence?
    • What recommendations would you make to improve the vision statement and to enhance how well it inspires organizational members?
    • If your organization does not have a vision statement, assess key themes from organizational practices that might reflect the organization’s vision (even if not written) and defend recommendations for how the organization could develop a vision statement and enhance organizational behaviors.
  • Evaluate how aligned the mission statement is with the vision statement.
    • What is the mission statement?
    • Are the mission and vision statements compatible? Based on what evidence?
    • What role does each statement (mission and vision) contribute to the organizational purpose?
    • Do the mission and vision statements reflect organizational values?
    • If your organization does not have a mission statement, assess key themes from organizational practices that might reflect the organization’s mission (even if not written) and defend recommendations for how the organization could develop a mission statement, align it to vision, and enhance organizational behaviors.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the current organizational structure.
    • How would you describe your organization’s structure?
    • Does the organizational structure support achievement of vision, values, and mission? Based on what evidence?
    • What recommendations would you make to better align organization structure with vision, values, and mission? Defend your recommendations with research. 

Submission Details:

  • Submit your answers in a 5- to 6-page Microsoft Word document. 

Quantitative Mini-Proposal

Quantitative Mini-Proposal

Assignment Description

As a school counselor, you will regularly use the professional literature to inform your work. Many of the important questions that you will have as your career evolves will be answered by researchers conducting quantitative studies. The quantitative designs help generate the knowledge base that becomes the evidence behind our best practices.

For this assignment, you will create a mini research proposal. As you review the media piece, think through a possible quantitative study. Your work on this assignment will demonstrate that you understand the importance of the alignment of the elements of a study and how they work together.

Assignment Instructions

In preparation for this assignment, you viewed the Blooming Park: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Questions media piece, which provided an example for first steps in creating a research proposal. Think about a problem in counseling practice that could be researched using a quantitative approach. Create a mini research proposal that addresses the problem that you identified. Your proposal must include these elements:

  • Mini-literature review. Include a review of three recent empirical sources (required) and one non-empirical source (optional).

Link to RELATED Empirical articles: https://www.schoolcounselor.org/asca/media/asca/Careers-Roles/Effectiveness.pdf

Link to RELATED nonempirical articles: http://tpcjournal.nbcc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Pages303-317-Goodman-Scott-SchoolCounselingFaculty.pdf

OR any other school cousneling nonempirical article.

  • Research question. This specific question should be written in a way that it could be answered through quantitative data; this is the question that will be answered by the proposed study.
  • Research design. Identify the research design for the proposed study. Choose from correlational, experimental, quasi-experimental, time-series, and survey.
  • Sampling plan. Describe your proposed sampling strategy, including the population from which the sample would come and how many participants you would include.
  • Data collection plan. Identify data that you would collect in your study and describe any instruments that you would use. Explain how you would collect the quantitative data that would answer your research question.
  • Data analysis plan. Explain how you would analyze the data that you collected.
  • Ethical and cultural concerns. Identify ethical and cultural concerns that may be present in the proposed study.
  • Alternative considerations. Describe how the problem that you investigated might be addressed by using a mixed methods approach. Explain whether you believe that would be a stronger approach or not, in this particular situation.
Submission Requirements
  • Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • Length: 4–6 pages, not counting cover page and reference page
  • Number of references: Minimum of three peer-reviewed empirical journal articles that are no more than seven years old.
  • APA Style: Include a reference page in the current APA style at the end of your paper.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
  • _______
  • Blooming park media piece transcript:

 

School Counseling Student Interviews

Georgina Baylor is a school counselor at Ruby Lake High School. She has noticed a disturbing social media trend at her school. To learn more about this trend, listen to some of the students who have been meeting with Georgina.

Marisol Nunez High School Sophomore:

I used to love Instagram. It was a fun way of socializing with my friends, and getting to know other kids too. But now I don’t even post anymore, because a bunch of kids made racist comments. They posted all this stuff about how I should go back to Mexico, and they said people like me were in gangs and taking away jobs and destroying America. They posted this all over my page. My mom complained to the school, but they said they couldn’t really do anything about it. The kids who did it all graduated last year, so they’re not students anymore. It makes me feel angry and scared. My parents are here legally, but I have family members who aren’t, so it makes me worried when people say stuff like that to me.

Jason Vang High School Junior:

I got suspended for three days because I got into a fight with this kid. This guy made a Tumblr with all these racist Asian memes. Like, really gross and offensive memes. A lot of them are sexual. Other people have been posting memes on the Tumblr too, and they’ve been passing the memes around Snapchat. So I confronted the guy who started it, and we wound up getting into a huge fight in the cafeteria. My parents were very upset and I got grounded for two weeks. Look, I don’t like to fight. But someone had to stand up to this guy. Other Asian kids in the school are afraid to do anything. And I don’t think the school can do anything to stop it.

Aniyah Collins High School Freshman:

Some kids took one of my pictures from Instagram and modified it. They made me look like a monkey, with monkey ears and big monkey teeth and stuff. And then they passed it around Snapchat. I don’t know for sure who started it. The original picture was me all dressed up to go a party, and I looked really pretty. When they posted the monkey picture, it made me feel ugly and gross. And it also made me feel kind of scared. People aren’t racist to your face around here, but obviously there’s racism underneath if they’re passing around pictures like that. And my picture wasn’t the only one. They’ve taken a bunch of pictures of black kids and turned them into monkeys, or into stereotypical old-time images of Sambos eating watermelon and stuff like that. And then they pass them around Snapchat. I don’t know for sure who started it or who’s making the pictures.

School Counselor Interview

After meeting with her students, Georgina is inspired to conduct research based on some of their experiences.

Georgina Baylor School Counselor:

I’m surprised at how many kids at my school have experienced cyberbullying—and, in particular, cyberbullying related to race. This makes me want to know more. Does this kind of cyberbullying have an impact on students’ academic performance? I know that cyberbullying in general can have an impact on academic performance. Does cyberbullying related to race have more of an impact, or is does all cyberbullying impact kids in the same sort of way? One thing I’m especially curious about: Does race-related cyberbullying affect kids the same way that gender-related cyberbullying, like sexual harassment, affects them?

Here are some criteria for writing a strong research question:

  1. Clarity- If the reader can’t tell specifically what the topic is about, the research question lacks clarity.
  2. Focus- If the topic is too broad to address in a single research study, the question lacks focus.
  3. Complexity- If the question can be answered with “yes” or “no”—or with a simple Google search or trip to the library—then it lacks complexity.
  4. Brevity- If the research question contains unnecessary language, it lacks brevity.
  5. Uniqueness- If the research question does not address a gap in the literature of your field, then it is not unique.
  6. Arguable- If the research question is one that is impossible to answer, or is impossible to answer within the available time frame and resources, then it is not arguable.

Characteristics of quantitative research questions:

  1. Typically start with “how much,” “what,” or “why.”
  2. Examine relationships, connections, or comparisons between two or more variables.
  3. Use language that indicates relationships and/or causation, including terms like “relate,” “compare,” and “effect.”

Characteristics of qualitative research questions:

  1. Typically start with “what” or “how.”
  2. Avoid the use of quantitative terms like “effect,” “cause,” or “influence.”
  3. Use language that indicates open-ended exploration of a phenomenon, including terms like “generate,” “identify,” or “examine.”

School Counselor Quantitative Research Question

Georgina is not sure if she wants to conduct a quantitative or a qualitative study about this topic. To get started, she jots down some potential quantitative research questions. Read through Georgina’s questions, and choose the research question that you think is best for a quantitative study.

Does race-related cyberbullying impact student academic performance?

Feedback: This question is brief and easy to understand, and it does indicate a correlation between two variables (cyberbullying related to race and academic performance). However, the statement is too simple in that the answer could just be “yes.”

To what degree does race-related cyberbullying in middle school correlate to a decrease in student grade point average?

Feedback: This is the best answer. This question is clear and brief, but not overly simple; it cannot be answered with a “yes” or “no.” The question describes a relationship between two measurable variables—race-related cyberbullying and grade point average.

In the middle school population, how does the effect of race-related cyberbullying on academic performance compare to the effect of gender-related cyberbullying on academic performance?

Feedback: This question lacks focus in that it addresses multiple issues—the impact of race-related cyberbullying, the impact of gender-related cyberbullying, and how these compare. This question could be turned into multiple questions, and it may not be realistic to address all of this in one study.

In what ways do the effects of race-related cyberbullying in middle school impact high school graduation rates and college retention, and how does this compare to the effects of gender-related cyberbullying in middle school on high school graduation rates and college retention?

Feedback: This is a great question, if the researcher has a significant grant and years to conduct the study. If not, this question lacks arguability in that this question cannot be answered within a realistic time frame or budget. It also lacks focus, in that this question cannot be answered in one study.

School Counselor Qualitative Research Question

Georgina is also considering conducting a qualitative study. Read through Georgina’s questions, and choose the research question that you think is best for a qualitative study.

Does race-related cyberbullying impact the academic performance of middle school students?

Feedback: This question is brief and easy to understand. However, qualitative studies do not address questions of impact or effect.

To what degree does a decrease in student motivation correlate to race-related cyberbulling?

Feedback: This is a good research question—for a quantitative study. However, the question is not open-ended enough to allow for the open-ended exploration needed in a qualitative study.

How do middle school students describe their experiences of being cyberbullied in relation to race?

Feedback: This is the best answer. The question is simple and brief, but not overly simple. It lends itself to the open-ended exploration that is appropriate for a qualitative study.

How do adolescents describe their experience of being cyberbullied in relation to race, and how can school counselors help them?

Feedback: This question lacks focus in that it addresses multiple issues. This question could be turned into multiple questions, and it may not be realistic to address all of this in one study.