Question: •If race structures inequality, as Audrey Smedley, Michael Omi, and Howard Winant argue, then from the colonial period to the turn of the twentieth century, did the United States either resolve or reaffirm what Edmund Morgan called the American Paradox vis-à-vis not only African Americans, but also Native Americans and other nonwhites? Answer the above question by constructing a clear thesis. The thesis equals your main claim or assertion, along with supporting claims that make the overall argument compelling. To substantiate your argument and defend your position, you must engage with a wide range of the required readings from weeks one through three [through/including the Shari Huhndorf reading]. Compose a persuasive essay by supporting your argument with the evidence presented in the class materials, balancing your analysis and your voice with a mix of interwoven key quotes and paraphrasing. There is no minimum or maximum quota for how many required course readings you must incorporate; however, the best essays engage with a wide range of respective readings, placing the authors in dialogue. Similarly, address each component of the question. There is no “correct” answer to the question, and you do not have to agree with the required authors, but you must address their theoretical concepts and analytical assertions. You may counter or dispute the authors’ claims to advance your argument, support your point of view, or make an original point. You may also quote the lectures and videos from throughout the quarter, but do not use any outside sources.
•Audrey Smedley, “Science and the Idea of Race: A Brief History”
•Michael Omi & Howard Winant, “Racial Formation”
•Edmund S. Morgan, “Toward Slavery,” and “Toward Racism”
•“Slavery,” and “Slave Law”
•George M. Fredrickson, “Revolution, Rebellion, and the Limits of Equality, 1776-1820,” and “White
Supremacy and the American Sectional Conflict”
•Frederick Douglass, “What, to the Slave, is the Fourth of July?”