Policy And Advocacy

Please respond to the 3-discussion post
For he first one simply read the suggested article and reply with a few lines.
For the 2 and 3rd please use APA format with intext citation
150- word count minimal
2 references for each response with in the last 5 years
Discussion post 1
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J, thank you very much for your response to the weekly discussion question. Excellent reminder about the importance that it takes an entire village to address opiate use addiction. A comprehensive public health approach is urgently needed. While you indicate, both administrations have provided substantial funds to address the opiate use epidemic, only small improvements have been noted. Many of our resources have been spent on the Covid pandemic. A recent report illustrating some state policy-level activities undertaken to address opiate use disorder provides some informative information. The article is located at
What is your one major Takeaway after reading this article?
Dr. B
Chloe C
Discussion post 2
Mental Health is a population health problem that has risen to the presidential level, and throughout the past few decades, there have been significant reforms in it by several presidents. One of these is Barack Obama. In 2010, he signed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), extending federal mental health equality to Medicaid managed care plans and qualified health plans offered through insurance place marketplaces or exchanges. In 2011, he signed the Frank Melville Supportive Housing Investment Act. This increased federal supportive housing resources for individuals with mental illness and other disabilities. (J. Hart, 2016).
Our current president, Joe Biden, has also made considerable strides towards the betterment of mental health. He passed the American Rescue Plan, a $1.9 trillion rescue package to help the United States recover from the effects of Covid.  (E. Haagensen, 2021). This package has significant investments to promote mental health among health care workforces. For example, there is $3 billion for substance abuse and mental health care block grants and $420 million to support Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinics to expand access to high-quality, evidence-based behavioral health services. Biden has also built onto the Cures Act by integrating addiction and mental health treatment into schools, homes, and primary care settings. He also requested $1 billion in funding to expand the number of school-based mental health professionals, including school psychologists and counselors, to address the mental health needs of students. (The White House, 2021).
Truthfully, there are not many approaches I would have made differently than the two presidents I spoke of above. I agree with the steps taken in targeting mental illness post-pandemic. I have been an adolescent psych nurse for the past three years. Therefore, I have seen how it is needed to address children and young adults’ mental health in their school settings.
Discusion post 3
Andrikia W
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The healthcare reform has been an issue for many years. According to Milstead and Short (2019), starting with the Harry Truman administration in the 1940s, every U.S. president’s administration has struggled to reform the healthcare system to meet the needs of all U.S. residents. In 2010, President Barack Obama signed into law the Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare. Some of the outcomes of Obamacare were, health coverage made more affordable, coverage standards to prevent insurers from discriminating, and reduce the number of uninsured Americans (Anderson, 2021). However, during President Trump management the uninsured numbers increased.
One of the stimulations of the ACA was to protect individuals with preexisting conditions from being denied coverage. According to Simmons-Duffin (2020), Trump promised to keep this part of the law but did not offer specifics on how, and policy experts warned it is harder than it sounds. During former President Trump first day in office, he tried to repeal the ACA. The American Health Care Act (AHCA), also known as Trump Care was written as a replacement plan for the ACA. The only thing both plans had in common were to protect individuals with preexisting health conditions. President Trump has from day one pushed for overturning the ACA, and Joe Biden is pushing to build and expand on it (Simmons-Duffin, 2020).
President Biden stated, When I ran for President, I promised the American people that I would build on the historic foundation of the ACA to ensure that every American has access to quality, affordable health care (The White House, 2021). In March 2021 President Biden signed the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021. President Joe Biden is trying to reshape and expand the ACA to make it cost effective. Furthermore, President Biden, proposed the Build Back Better agenda before his presidency. The three-part agenda is to rescue, recover, and rebuild the country (The White House, n.d.). After reading former President Trump and current President Biden statements the only positive take away is individuals with preexisting health conditions not being denied coverage.
To help the nation there need to be new policies and laws set. Previous solutions seem to not be working. According to Laureate Education (2018), only legislators can introduce bills and not the presidents or governors. As registered nurses we must become actively involved and continue to be the voice and advocate for our patients and community. We can become involved by meeting with local legislators and community leaders to address the problems we are facing with health care. There must be a resolution for individuals to afford medical care. Insurers base eligibility for coverage on an individual’s medical history. For example, when I applied for life insurance I was asked if I smoked or had any preexisting medical issues. If I did, I would not meet the requirements for a certain premium. Health care workers in West Virginia are currently on strike due to health care benefits and having to pay a premium they cannot afford. I think everyone should have the right to health care.
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